And you thought your claim with Citizens was a challenge? Hope your insurer never goes insolvent leaving you in the hands of FIGA—the Florida Insurance “Guaranty” Association. FIGA is a legislatively created corporation which handles claims after insurance companies become insolvent. The reality of how FIGA works in the field stands in stark contrast to its stated goal of providing “fast, fair and professional claim service.” In my experience, the only things “guaranteed” with this system are roadblocks and delay. No one is immune. No matter how respectable the insured. No matter how severe the loss.

I have a client who is a judge. He, his wife and two little girls literally lost everything in Hurricane Ivan in September, 2004. Their windstorm insurance carrier, Vanguard Fire & Casualty Insurance Company, denied coverage entirely, contending that not a single shingle was blown from the roof, not a window broken by wind in this Category 5 storm, dubbed “Ivan the Terrible.” The coverage denial was apparently based on “word of mouth” that a 15-foot wave had allegedly swept the home away prior to any wind damage occurring. The insurance company failed to hire an engineer or meteorologist to confirm this rumor. While my clients were lucky enough to have their flood insurer tender policy limits, like many, they were woefully underinsured and needed help from their wind carrier.

When FIGA took over the claim in 2007, it was the perfect opportunity to make things right. Instead, FIGA has compounded the misery. Initially, FIGA continued the denial of coverage. Then, last year, FIGA revealed for the first time a January 2007 engineering report acknowledging the home had in fact sustained wind damage before the storm surge came. After that, FIGA changed its tune, admitted coverage, and tendered a small sum based on its expert’s opinion. In keeping with the quality of “service” on this claim, FIGA’s expert has never been to the site and based his opinions on photos of nearby homes. On the other hand, the insureds received an opinion from an engineer who walked the site, inspected an adjacent building, and concluded that the home was severely damaged before the storm surge hit.

Nevertheless, I figured—this is our opportunity to work toward a fair resolution of this claim. The insurance policy provides for an alternative dispute resolution process to quickly and economically dispense with disagreements over the amount of loss—appraisal. I thought, surely an entity funded by assessments on the insurance consumers of this State will want to wrap this up as soon as possible. How wrong I was. Indeed, FIGA’s lawyer has advised me that we can expect this case to be going on for a very long time. FIGA contested appraisal and lost. Then sought to stay appraisal while it appealed—and lost. Now FIGA is seeking a second bite at the apple asking the appellate court to instruct the trial judge to stay the appraisal. Even if the appraisal is allowed to proceed, FIGA tells me the award will not be paid and I can expect more litigation.

What is going on here? I spoke with a lawyer in the Panhandle last week about possibly serving on our appraisal panel. He had a conflict because he has two claims pending with FIGA and can’t even get them to call him back. In another case of mine, FIGA has agreed to go to appraisal, but only if the insured signs a release of all claims upon payment of the appraisal award!

With more and more small companies taking over Citizens policies, there is a real danger these insureds could end up with FIGA in the event of another busy hurricane season. Anyone have ideas on how to fix this? After all, you and I are footing the bill . . .

Kristi Demers-Crowell

(Kristi Demers-Crowell is an attorney in the Tampa office of Merlin Law Group and is licensed to practice in Florida and Texas)